May Step Up to School Readiness Goal



DOMAIN: Language Development and Communication

SUBDOMAIN: Learning to Communicate

DEVELOPMENTAL INDICATORS

Infants (Birth to 12 months):

  • Respond differently to facial expressions and tones of voice.
  • Pay brief attention to the same object the caregiver is looking at.
  • Engage in turn-taking during social and vocal play with adults and other children (babbling, imitating facial expressions, repeating sounds from languages they hear).

Younger Toddlers (8 to 21 months):

  • Establish joint attention by looking at an object, at their caregiver, and back at the object.
  • Respond to and initiate dialogue with another person.
  • Use movement or behavior to initiate interaction with another person.

Older Toddlers (18 to 36 months)

  • Engage in short dialogues of a few turns.
  • Ask questions or use nonverbal cues to initiate communication with another child or adult.

Younger Preschoolers (36 to 48 months)

  • Demonstrate an understanding that people communicate in many ways (gestures, facial expressions, multiple spoken languages, sign language, augmentative communication).
  • Initiate and carry on conversations, and ask questions about things that interest them.
  • With prompting and support, make comments and ask questions related to the topic of discussion.

Older Preschoolers (48 to 60+ months)

  • Express an understanding that people communicate in many ways (gestures, facial expressions, multiple spoken languages, sign language, and augmentative communication).
  • Initiate and carry on conversations that involve multiple back and forth communications or turns between the persons involved in the conversation.
  • Initiate and participate in conversations related to interests of their own or the persons they are communicating with.
  • Participate in a group discussion, making comments and asking questions related to the topic.
  • Show an appreciation for and can use humor appropriately.

Click here for more on Step Up to School Readiness and the SC Early Learning Standards.



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